This research focus area addresses development issues from the perspective of the firms and industries that will be integral to the transformation of the economy. The theme has various components, including policy (sectoral development policies, competition, privatization etc.) as well as issues around regulation and the business environment. It also includes trade policy and regional integration. The theme also encompasses specialized industry analysis, e.g. of value chains in agriculture and tourism, although the specific industry focus may change over time. This focus area has three research themes: Trade and regional integration; Economic Sectors; and Productivity, Competitiveness and Innovation.