Successful development requires going beyond purely economic issues and addressing social and human development. This includes education and health policies (development of human capital, part of improving living standards and also essential for productivity improvement), as well as employment, unemployment, poverty, inequality and the nature of social protection policies, which are important for inclusive growth. This research focus area also includes demographic trends (e.g. population ageing), as well as gender and development. The research themes in this area include Employment / Unemployment; and Poverty, Inequality and Inclusive Development.