The quality of governance has played an important role in Botswana’s development to date, but as the economy grows and changes, new challenges are becoming apparent and governance has to adapt successfully, hence the importance of public sector reforms, and ensuring that public sector projects are efficiently managed. Public administration has to adapt to new methods of interacting with the public, hence the successful adoption of e-Governance is crucial. Public policy will also evolve, and this will require analysis of the potential impact of policies before they are introduced and evidence-based evaluation of their actual impact. Finally, although corruption remains low, it is nevertheless of increasing concern. There are two research themes in this area, namely: Public Sector Service Delivery; and Political Economy of Development.