Environmental issues are becoming increasingly important in Botswana’s development. These include the impact of climate change, the green economy, the conservation of water resources, and forms of electricity generation (e.g. coal vs solar). There are also important issues related to the exploitation of mineral resources and resource governance, as well as the use of land, and at sectoral level, agriculture is crucial to livelihoods and also has many environmental angles. This research focus area has three research themes: Environmental Sustainability; Agriculture; and Natural Resources.